Steel is a material recognised as being neutral in the ocean environment.
Artificial reef constructed from steel are commonly used worldwide for diving and fishing purposes.
Hard surfaced artificial reefs are the most desirable surfaces for the attachment and growth of a diverse range of marine organisms, which in turn attract other crustacean and fish species
Depending on site conditions Offshore Surf Reefs may be useful in protection of the inshore beach area from erosion.
Artificial reef created by the wreck of the steel hulled Scottish Prince – located 900m off the Gold Coast Australia.